Forensic DNA group deals with the techniques related to forensic DNA analysis and population genetic studies. The emphasis is on the analysis of STRs (short tandem repeats), which includes the use of several DNA extraction methods, PCR, electrophoresis and data analysis. STRs (Short tandem repeats) are the genetic markers which exist with different frequencies in different populations and population STR databases containing frequencies of STR loci are available to evaluate the DNA samples. They provide highly informative DNA data for the human identification purposes and comparative genetic studies among the populations. These STR markers have been in use for decent years in forensic genetics, parental testing, paternity testing, individual identification studies and comparative genetic analysis. These markers are very useful in forensic and population genetics studies. They had proved their efficiency in terms of the determination of relationships among related individuals and populations and they are especially valuable for the study of genetic relationships between closely related populations. However, STRs can be used to investigate genetic similarities between the sampled population and other populations that are not from the same biogeographical zone. Furthermore, a phylogenetic tree can be generated among different populations by using STR frequencies and they will provide an idea about historical human migrations associated with sample populations.
The other research projects that are planned to be realized throughout the activities of the group include, but are not limited to: mtDNA analysis, Y-STRs (examination of Y-linked markers in the male population), and the research related to the population genetics, since our University is an international environment and is very interesting for this type of research. The vision behind this group is to gather scientists interested in forensic DNA and to improve the experimental techniques related to forensic DNA in our university laboratories. Our main goal is the promotion of excellence in the research and the completion of the projects that will establish our laboratory as the friendly environment for research in forensic DNA analysis.